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Archive for the ‘redis’ Category

Howto: Handle phpredis connection error

March 26, 2012 1 comment

Example Code:

<?php
    $redis=new Redis();
    $connected= $redis->connect('127.0.0.1', 6379);
    if(!$connected) {
        // some other code to handle connection problem
        die( "Cannot connect to redis server.\n" );
    }
    $redis->setex('somekey', 60, 'some value');

I came up with the above code after reading the doc because I found out the following try/catch code doesn’t work as expected

<?php
    $redis=new Redis();
    try {
        $redis->connect('127.0.0.1', 6379);
    } catch (Exception $e) {
    // tried changing to RedisException, didn't work either
        die( "Cannot connect to redis server:".$e->getMessage() );
    }
    $redis->setex('somekey', 60, 'some value');
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Categories: php, redis

Install phpredis on Ubuntu

March 25, 2012 10 comments

Tested on Ubuntu 10.10 64bit server edition but should apply to other versions as well.

1) Preparation

sudo apt-get install php5-dev

php5-dev provides the dev library as well as the phpize command which is required for the compiling step
2) Get phpredis source code, should be pretty easy by running

git clone git://github.com/nicolasff/phpredis.git

3) Compile and install

cd phpredis
phpize
./configure
make
sudo -s make install

4) Enable the phpredis extension

sudo -s
echo "extension=redis.so">/etc/php5/conf.d/redis.ini
exit

5) Write a simple php script to test (running on cli would be fine if php5-cli is installed)

<?php
        // phpredis_set.php
        $redis=new Redis() or die("Can'f load redis module.");
        $redis->connect('127.0.0.1');
        $redis->set('set_testkey', 1);

Prior to try phpredis I was using Rediska as the php redis client. I did some pretty quick and dirty benchmarking comparison and phpredis is clearly a winner here, not surprisingly because phpredis is a compiled extension written in C while Rediska is a pure php library.

time for i in `seq 1 1000`; do php phpredis_set.php; done

real 0m13.072s
user 0m6.560s
sys 0m3.620s

time for i in `seq 1 1000`; do php rediska_set.php; done

real 0m21.035s
user 0m12.150s
sys 0m5.050s

and the source code for rediska_set.php:

<?php
        require_once 'Rediska/library/Rediska.php';
        $rediska=new Rediska();
        $rediska->set('set_testkey', 1);

The above tests were conducted on a single-core i3 2.1GHZ Virtualbox guest with 512MB of RAM.

Categories: php, phpredis, redis

Example: sorted set functions with node.js + redis

February 28, 2012 2 comments

Have been playing with node.js module redis (and a bit of underscore) almost all day and I could not find any examples using zrange (or zrevrange) so I decided to write one as a practice:

var rc=require('redis').createClient();
var _=require('underscore');

rc.zincrby('myset', 1, 'usera');
rc.zincrby('myset', 5, 'userb');
rc.zincrby('myset', 3, 'userc');
rc.zrevrange('myset', 0, -1, 'withscores', function(err, members) {
        // the resulting members would be something like
        // ['userb', '5', 'userc', '3', 'usera', '1']
        // use the following trick to convert to
        // [ [ 'userb', '5' ], [ 'userc', '3' ], [ 'usera', '1' ] ]
        // learned the trick from
        // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/8566667/split-javascript-array-in-chunks-using-underscore-js
	var lists=_.groupBy(members, function(a,b) {
		return Math.floor(b/2);
	});
	console.log( _.toArray(lists) );
});
rc.quit();

Have fun.

Categories: node.js, redis, underscore

Getting last N element(s) from a list in redis

February 13, 2012 Leave a comment

Somehow I couldn’t find anywhere on how to achieve this: getting the last N elements from a list in redis, not even on Redis command docs. Well I just figured out the easiest way, say to get last 3 elements from list users:

redis 127.0.0.1:6379> rpush users tom
(integer) 1
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> rpush users ray
(integer) 2
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> rpush users coolguy
(integer) 3
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> rpush users bob
(integer) 4
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> rpush users alice
(integer) 5
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> lrange users -3 -1
1) "coolguy"
2) "bob"
3) "alice"
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> 

Just a couple of things worth noting:

  • start should always to be no larger than end in command lrange list_name start end
  • so the formula to get last N elements from a list is lrange list_name -N -1 where N>=1
Categories: redis